The significance of fasteners in electric vehicles


The automotive industry’s research and development activities focus very much on electrification of the drive system in vehicles. In this context, the electrical contacts and the corresponding threaded fasteners for the contacts have an important role to play. Because the high voltage inside a tight space must transition safely and reliably, high precision solutions are required.

The objective of fastening solutions in the electric vehicle sector is to produce contact points with low transition resistances, which will give stable operation over a long period. ARNOLD UMFORMTECHNIK has many years of experience in developing and manufacturing complex fasteners and fastening solutions, and in more recent years has extended its multi-faceted expertise into the electromobility sector.

Florian Lutz, Product and Systems Developer, ARNOLD UMFORMTECHNIK.
“Our principal is that we want to become partners and service providers to our customers. In that way, we get to know all about the challenges that they need to overcome against the backdrop of the changing mobility market.,”
Florian Lutz, Product and Systems Developer, ARNOLD UMFORMTECHNIK.

ARNOLD of course focuses on fastening solutions and electromobility was at first just a small area of their work. But it was important right from the start to set out with the right concept, continued Lutz. “We want to provide our customers with expertise and skills. Ultimately, customers expect us to understand their problems and concepts. From the investigative laboratory services and reports that they commission from us they want to understand the practical effects on their components and component assembles."

One thing for sure is that ARNOLD wants to know what its customers require of the fasteners to be used in electric vehicles. It is only in that way that they can develop expert solutions at an early stage and with precision.

So, along with its normal business, the company has built up skills and expertise aligned in particular to the electromobility sector. Thus, for example, they offer their customers resistance measurements - on the component itself, and also on the test model. “The main criterion for our customers in this sector is always the contact resistance,” said Lutz, pointing out an important approach.

An energisation test rig is currently in operation, which is used, in the first step, to impinge the test piece with up to 1000 amperes. It is then possible to check where heating occurs and where components are thermally destroyed. Thus, the effects of the current flow are shown clearly and meaningfully. According to Lutz, the need for extensive investigations in the sector has increased greatly in recent years.

Understanding the legalities of electromobility

ARNOLD offers its clients who work in the electrification sector all the standard services provided by the company, in other words, it manufactures fasteners. In addition, it provides the laboratory services already referred to, along with expertise and consultation services for individual applications. As a result of increasing electrification in the industry, ARNOLD is also looking at copper as well as steel, the standard material currently in use. Demand for copper has risen strongly because it scores well in conductivity tests.

“Our customers expect a high level of understanding of their particular task, as well as, naturally enough, rapid and expert reactions to their requests,” continued the development engineer, who is responsible for the processes involved. This means that to be able to react quickly to customers’ requirements, it is also important for manufacturers of fastening solutions to fully understand the legalities of electromobility. There are many cogs in set in motion here - starting with expert advice given by the field sales staff, followed by producing a quotation, and then fulfilling the project.

Solutions for current-conducting elements in areas of high voltage

Fasteners have been reliably implemented in electrical settings for a long time. For example, for conducting steel parts, standard screws such as Taptite or metric screws fasten the equipotential bonding or the earth terminals of a circuit board. Press-fit fasteners, and sometimes customer-specific fasteners may also be used. The aim is to ensure a safe resistance and a defined clamping force. And for high-voltage fastenings, traditional fasteners are used as energy store mechanisms. In a cable lug for example, attached to a power rail, thus ensuring a supply to the power electronics. Here, the screw has nothing to do directly with the current flow, because that flows from the cable lug via the contact surface. It has the function of applying the clamping force, making contact with the component, and maintaining that contact throughout its service life. Here too, suitable standard fasteners are used depending on the application in question.

In recent years, current-conducting elements for use in areas of high-voltage have come increasingly into focus within the electromobility sector. These are fasteners that firstly create the fastening, and secondly, carry the current. Many of ARNOLD’s customers are already very preoccupied with this issue. And at the fastening manufacturer’s premises in Forchtenberg, south-west Germany, complex develoment work is underway - with a view both to design and to the use of pure copper or copper alloys. “ARNOLD UMFORMTECHNIK has already included connectors for chargers in its range,” said Florian Lutz, who has worked at the company for eight years. “But we are now working on double-threaded bolts, to which cables can be connected externally to the left and right, so that they can create a through-connection through a housing. Welded or press-fit bolts are also feasible. When such components are made of a special copper alloy, they can conduct current and also join the components together,” he continued.

“We are receiving a host of enquiries focussing on the electromobility sector. These have increased greatly over the past few years,” he said. And the work emanating from the enquiries is correspondingly extensive - technical research and development, tests and advice, and ultimately of course, the production process. This is why, for customer-specific developments, and to maintain close contact with the customer, the company nominates a contact partner who will work on the customer’s project - attending the tests, tracking the development process for the fasteners, and monitoring production.


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The ARNOLD GROUP – BlueFastening Systems

With a foundation of many years of expertise in the production of intelligent fastening systems and very complex extruded parts, the ARNOLD GROUP has developed over a number of years into a comprehensive supplier and development partner for complex fastening systems. With our new positioning of “BlueFastening Systems” this development process will now continue under a united and harmonised structure. Engineering, fastenings, and functional parts, together with feeder processing systems, all from a single source – efficient, sustained and international. Since 1994 ARNOLD has been part of the Würth Group.